There is a Climate Science Legal Defense Fund. Take a moment to consider the implications of that fact. The inhabitants of what, under other circumstances, would be an obscure academic backwater need legal defense. Non-scientists have convinced themselves so thoroughly that these experts have to be wrong that they claim the whole field is swimming in fraud and have engaged in legal assaults to try to confirm their beliefs. The scientists need legal defense because their opponents are convinced they can provide evidence of the fraud—if only they could see every email the scientists have ever sent.
Climate scientists may suffer from an extreme example of this sort of vilification, but they're hardly alone. The US has had a long history of mistrust in highly educated professionals, but we seem to have shifted to a situation in which expertise has become both a disqualification and a reason for attack.
That's the central argument of Tom Nichols' recent book, The Death of Expertise, which has recently come out in a paperback edition. Nichols is a professor at the Naval War College and an expert himself, having done graduate studies about the former Soviet Union. While he's gained some prominence as a never-Trump conservative, the arguments in his book are evenhanded at distributing blame. And they make disturbing reading for anyone in science who's interested in engaging the public—especially in the science arena.
Some years ago an investor I met at a TechCrunch event invited me out for a coffee. This happens a lot; as a weekly columnist here I am deemed an official Media Influencer, and people in turn want to influence me, until they realize I’m just going to ignore them and write about whatever weird idea comes into my head instead. I accepted this invitation, though, because this guy’s job was unusually interesting, in a bad way — he represented a venture fund affiliated with the Kremlin.
This was before Russia was the democracy-manipulating enemy it is today, but just after Russia passed its “anti-gay law,” so angry anti-Russian sentiment was exceptionally strong. It was fascinating to me watching this man squirm around the topic: I’m a Bay Area guy, he told me, I’m pro gay rights, pro gay marriage, but we have to accept that every country becomes enlightened at its own speed and its own way, and the best way for us to encourage that, to promote our values, is to engage with them, to show them the right way of doing things.
Needless to say this is a column about Saudi Arabia.
It’s kind of amazing that it’s taken the murder of Jamal Khashoggi to wake people up to that nation’s brutality. For three years now Saudi Arabia has been slaughtering thousands of Yemenis in a needless conflict wherein, to quote Bloomberg quoting the UN, “especially a Saudi Arabian-led coalition and the Yemeni government it backs, have shown a disregard for civilian life possibly amounting to war crimes.” It has long been a totalitarian absolute monarchy allied with what was once a radical interpretation of Islam, Wahhabism, which T.E. Lawrence described a hundred years ago as an obscure “fanatical heresy” — and which has since been mainstreamed with disastrous global consequences as a result of this alliance.
And, of course, it has long been an intimate international ally and partner of the United States. America’s financial / military / consulting / industrial / oil complexes have been in bed with the Saudis for a very, very long time, as have its politicians. Let’s not pretend that Saudi money in the tech industry is in any way exceptionally bad or different. Bad, yes, but as bad as, well, the rest of American society. For a long time the US attitude towards Saudi Arabia seems to have been: “sure, they’re an oppressive dictatorship, but they’re our oppressive dictatorship, and their royal family is very nice and very generous and they control so much oil.”
The KSA is an oppressive heredity dictatorship that has been supported by the American finance, oil and defense industries and a bipartisan coalition of politicians and beltway lobbyists since 1931.
Clearly, Silicon Valley is at fault! Man, is there anything tech can't do? https://t.co/VSF6tvnQms
— Alex Stamos (@alexstamos) October 14, 2018
Now, though, at long last, that attitude seems to be changing. Not that the US is going to stop buying oil from them. Not that the US is going to stop selling weapons to them. But, despite occasional hesitant steps into the twentieth (but definitely not the twenty-first) century, nobody is going to pretend Saudi Arabia is anything other than a brutally oppressive state from here on in. (Shout-out to my homeland for being ahead of the curve on this one.) Which is progress, I guess, of a sort?
"A single journalist is a tragedy; ten thousand Yemenis is a statistic".
Joseph Stalin, 1949
— Nassim Nicholas Taleb (@nntaleb) October 18, 2018
You can make a realpolitik case for continuing to engage with Saudi Arabia. Just like my coffee companion five years ago did for continuing to engage with Russia. See how well that turned out, how since then Russia has become so much more enlightened, so progressive, such a glorious contributor to the commonwealth of nations? …Oh. Saudi Arabia is different, yes, but in a worse way; it’s so sensitive to criticism, overreacts so wildly and violently, because it is fundamentally a fragile state. Nassim Taleb, who predicted the collapse of Syria and its civil war before it happened, has predicted a similar fate for Saudi Arabia.
I don’t think the Trump administration is going to continue its support for Saudi Arabia’s new and erratic leadership for fear of the human or economic consequences if they do otherwise. “Trump’s razor:” the stupidest reason is most likely to be correct. Here, that means the administration doesn’t want to walk back their Saudi support because they think that will make them look weak. Similarly, who are we kidding, VCs who take money from Saudi LPs aren’t doing so in order to help prop up the Pax Americana; it’s purely because they want the money, and nobody else is prepared to throw around $45 billion in cash.
Right now, though, and for the foreseeable future, sovereign Saudi money is tainted, poisoned, blood money. If you accept it you have to consider the consequences of publicly contravening our new, post-Khashoggi social morality, and the angry criticism which will follow. Will that last? Who can say? Even if it doesn’t, though, you’ll have to consider the consequences of privately contravening your own ethics, if you have any. That was also true last year, and it will still be true next year, no matter how much money we’re talking about.
Die uhr tickt, menschen — the clock is ticking, people. Early-bird pricing on passes to Disrupt Berlin 2018 migrates to parts unknown in just four days. If you want to join us at the Arena Berlin on 29-30 November — and save up to €500 in the process — you need to buy your pass before the 24 October deadline.
Thousands of people across Europe and beyond — founders, investors, marketers, technologists, coders, hackers — arrive ready to dive deep into the subject they love most: tech startups. Disrupt Berlin is always an exciting adventure, and we’re pumped about this year’s lineup of speakers and events.
Here’s just a quick sample of the speakers who will grace the Main Stage to share their stories and perspectives:
You don’t want to miss out on Startup Battlefield — our premier startup-pitch competition is a perennial favorite at every Disrupt event. Watch as 15 of Europe’s exceptional early-stage startup founders compete for $50,000 in non-equity cash, media and investor love and world-class bragging rights.
Over the years, Startup Battlefield alumni have gone on to become big-name tech companies — like Dropbox, Mint, Yammer and Tripit, to name but a few. Will you witness the birth of the next unicorn in Berlin?
There’s so much more to do and see at Disrupt Berlin: Q&A sessions, hands-on workshops, Startup Alley, world-class networking and the ever-popular (and insane) Disrupt After Party.
TechCrunch Disrupt Berlin 2018 goes down on 29-30 November, and the countdown to serious savings is on. Die uhr tickt — the clock is ticking. Buy your early-bird pass before 24 October and save up to €500.
The Tigers were supposed to go 7-5 this year. Well, they’re 7-1.
If it comes down to any one game, the SEC West will come down to the meeting between Alabama and LSU on Nov. 3 in Baton Rouge. The Tide are college football’s best team until further notice, but LSU’s worked into a position to win the West with an upset that day.
Saying Bama-LSU is huge and could decide the SEC West feels like old news and something we’ve said every year for almost a decade. But every few years, LSU really has to work to make this moment even happen. In 2018, the Tigers were not expected to be in this position.
Before the season, Las Vegas had the Tigers’ over/under win total at seven. They’d won at least eight games every year of this millennium, but that wasn’t the point. Their schedule looked brutal, including all of the following:
The headline of Bill Connelly’s big Tigers preview was “2018 LSU might be underrated, but with this ferocious schedule, it might not matter.” S&P+ projected a 7-5 record, with none of those games above expected to be any better than a tossup for LSU.
LSU’s win against Mississippi State on Saturday means the Tigers will control their own destiny when the Tide roll into Baton Rouge. Both teams head into a bye before that.
Alabama’s chances of winning the division are overwhelmingly high. If the Tide beat LSU, that’ll become pretty much a dead certainty. Alabama is likely to be about a 11-point favorite, going by the teams’ pre-Week 8 S&P+ ratings and giving LSU a 3-point bump for having the home field.
The Tigers would have to run the table elsewhere. But let’s pretend the Tigers do that.
(Maybe. If anyone in the country does. Maybe.)
LSU’s actually beaten Bama more often since 2000 in Tuscaloosa than in Baton Rouge (five times to four), including its last win in the series, in 2011.
The LSU secondary’s really good, though. The Tigers have had some big-play problems, but they force incompletions on more than half of the passes thrown against them. They entered Week 7 ranked 24th in FBS in DB Havoc Rate, a measure of how often the secondary breaks up or intercepts passes, forces fumbles, and gets tackles for loss. The unit’s loaded with four- and five-star talent who could at least challenge Bama.
It probably won’t matter. Tua Tagovailoa and his friends are probably too good. But stranger things have happened than LSU knocking him out of a rhythm for a half or so and scoring enough points to win in Death Valley against a Bama defense that isn’t quite Bama-like.
Or maybe Tua will throw for 900 yards. I don’t know.
The teams’ identities have changed, especially as Bama’s gone toward a more spread-out offense. This is no longer the Manball Christmas it used to be.
But it remains a fiery rivalry, and Nick Saban coaching against the team he led to a title 15 years ago gives it extra intrigue each year.
Still only a month and a half removed from a lot of people thinking LSU was doomed to mediocrity in 2018, it’s good to have a high-stakes Bama-LSU game back ... as almost always.
The Tigers have long liked to involve a lot of players. Now they’re doing it and still beating up on quality opponents.
Dabo Swinney’s Clemson is known for letting plenty of guys see the field. A 41-7 drubbing over a previously undefeated NC State has to be near the epitome.
A look at Clemson’s box score shows that the Tigers played 84 (eighty four) players on either offense, defense, or special teams. That’s almost all of the 95 total players listed on the roster. Only 85 are even allowed to be on scholarship.
Just for comparison, from the same day: Alabama listed 44 players as having seen the field in its similar blowout win over Tennessee, and Oklahoma listed 49 during an easy win over TCU.
The Tigers played more than that in just the first quarter, so it wasn’t like their depth guys only played in garbage time in this key division game:
The Tigers played 91 players against The Citadel last season, but that was The Citadel. What’s more typical is the 64 players the Tigers used against Florida State last season. Plenty of players, but not the entire complement of scholarship players, even though that game was at home and would also become a comfortable win.
Well, apparently that’s not a worry any more.
In the past couple years, Clemson’s struggled to really impress S&P+ at times because it took a long time to put away opponents. In one 2017 game against Boston College, the Tigers let 75 players see the field and went into the fourth quarter tied at 7 before pulling away.
2018 NC State doesn’t look elite, but the Wolfpack are probably better than 2017 Boston College. Clemson built a 24-0 halftime lead despite emptying the bench on Saturday.
For the last few years, the ACC has had a travel roster size of 72 players, a cost-saving measure. So the fact that this game was at home has plenty to do with the heavy number of players available to play. But Clemson loves using as many guys as possible, especially at the skill positions. The Tigers make a selling point of that, as in a media guide last year:
-Clemson is one of the few teams nationally that uses four running backs virtually every game. As a result, no running back has played more than 350 of the offense’s 978 snaps this year.
-Like the running-back contingent, the wide-receiver corps is also balanced in terms of participation, as nine receivers have played at least 149 snaps this year.
Swinney’s talked about the participation before, and how getting players on the field is a big deal for him.
“I just know that I play as many guys that deserve to play as much as we can,” Swinney said. “You might have one guy that gets 80 percent and one guy that gets 20 percent, but that 20 percent is really critical to the development of your team and that player as you go throughout the course of the season. I think it’s huge by the end of the year when you have a fresh team, a team that’s still got a lot of tread on their tires.”
Maybe this has a bit to do with Swinney’s own past as a walk-on backup who played sparingly, then earned his way onto the field as a receiver at Alabama.
Also, the NCAA’s new redshirt rule that lets players have up to four games while not losing eligibility makes doing this easier.
The Tigers are good enough to get next year’s starters and backups reps against live competition and keep their record clean this year. That’s a win-win.
Who had the most and least fun on a Saturday that started in Pullman and ended with multiple field-stormings?
College football’s Week 8 is in the books, following a Saturday that had few blockbuster games but a couple that turned out to be really entertaining.
This is America, so it’s time to distill the day into groups of winners and losers. Of course, there are dozens of literal winners and losers at the end of every college football weekend. Consider this a list of extra notable winners and losers.
The Boilermakers pummeled No. 2 Ohio State, sending Urban Meyer to one of his three worst losses ever. They did in on ABC in primetime, on a night when they paid a public tribute to close friend of the program, Purdue student, and terminal cancer patient Tyler Trent, who’d predicted the win and said it was his biggest wish. Purdue pulling off a 49-20 rout of that team on that night in that stadium in front of that person was too perfect to capture in words. It was an all-time wonderful night for the Boilers.
Purdue’s coach could stick around to keep building in West Lafayette, or he could get any number of jobs that come open later this year. He looks like the candidate right now, right when his alma mater may or may not be about to fire Bobby Petrino.
Their Wolverines beat Michigan State, despite having to deal with every omen in the world that would ordinarily portend a Spartan upset against Michigan. Jim Harbaugh and Mark Dantonio bickered by way of their postgame press conferences, but Harbaugh won their exchange because he won the game. Michigan avoided an upset trap and is basically ticketed for a one-off against Ohio State to decide the Big Ten East.
If that wasn’t all fun enough, they then got to watch Ohio State get blasted into the sun. If anyone needs a favor from a Michigan fan, you should ask for it today.
The fired Tennessee head coach-turned-Alabama analyst finally got to taste a cigar on the third Saturday in October. Always on the wrong side of the Alabama-Tennessee “rivalry,” or whatever you’d call it after more than a decade of consecutive Bama wins, Jones now knows what it’s like to be on the winning side. 200,002 things make his victory sweeter.
Reasons 1-200,000: The roughly $200,000 Tennessee is paying him this month and will pay him every other month through February 2021.
Reason 200,001. This Gatorade shower:
Butch Jones gets a Gatorade bath pic.twitter.com/TDRhdypKjT— Bill Bender (@BillBender92) October 20, 2018
Reason 200,002. This cigar:
This man is thriving.
For the second time in two years, the Black Knights won without attempting a pass, beating Miami (Ohio) 31-30. But this time was special, because they did it in double overtime. Army is a winner for staying true to itself and remaining fully blasé about the forward pass.
For the first time ever, the network took College GameDay to Pullman, Wash., where Washington State fans put on a party for the ages. It was an amazing scene, after Cougs fans spent 15 years calling out via flag-waving for the show to make a trip to their little corner of the Pacific Northwest. Look at how cool this setup was:
PULLMAN ... IT’S GAMEDAY!! pic.twitter.com/5nQXjtnKTZ— College GameDay (@CollegeGameDay) October 20, 2018
The weekend was expected to bring a windfall for the Pullman business whose specialities are selling things you can drink or smoke:
“We are all expecting this to be just about the most crazy thing we’ve ever experienced,” Roxanne Trocino, the general manager of popular local bar Valhalla, says.
Auburn’s head man might have been coaching for his job, $32 million buyout and all. A businesslike 31-16 win at Ole Miss will spare him for now. But given that Malzahn’s buyout is fully guaranteed and doesn’t require him to look for other work, if you want to argue that he’d be a winner if he got fired, I’m not going to disagree with you.
The Huskers beat Minnesota to move to 1-6 and get Scott Frost his first win. Minnesota is bad, and Nebrsaka was a 4.5-point favorite, but the Huskers were starting to look in danger of not getting a single FBS win this year. That horrible fate is now off the table, and Nebraska’s slightly likelier to finish with a moderately respectable record. A game against Bethune-Cookman next weekend should get the Huskers to 2-6.
The Buckeyes, who might have the best roster in the country according to recruiting rankings, were overwhelmed against a team that’s signed one four-star recruit since 2013. The loss exposed serious issues with the Buckeyes’ offensive line, and their rushing average was an even 3 yards. That was actually something of an improvement after a 2.9 mark the week prior against Minnesota. The average had gone down every single game since Week 1. Greg Schiano’s defense also let Brohm’s Boilermakers hold a private track meet against it.
OSU still controls its Playoff destiny, but it’s hard to be confident.
Maybe the sport’s best program to have never finished in the AP Poll’s top 10, the Wolfpack looked like they might make some ACC Atlantic noise. They were undefeated entering their game at Clemson, and while they were 18.5-point underdogs, it wasn’t totally inconceivable that they’d give the Tigers a game. They almost beat Clemson in Death Valley two years ago, weeks before the Tigers won the national title. But it didn’t work out here, as the Wolfpack lost 41-7 and looked horrible doing it.
Clemson was always likely to win the Atlantic and the whole ACC, but the Wolfpack had a chance to take a step forward. They didn’t come close to fulfilling it.
The Bearcats’ undefeated season ended with a 24-17 overtime loss at Temple. No one figured Luke Fickell’s team would go 12-0, and this game was a tossup, with S&P+ giving UC a 48 percent chance to win. But the Bearcats had a touchdown lead entering the fourth quarter. Now they’re looking at a four-game stretch of at SMU, Navy, USF, and at UCF. Though SMU and Navy have both been bad, either could be tricky, and USF-then-UCF is a meat-grinder. This would’ve been a nice win to bag.
There was nothing exciting going on in Power 5 games during the usually pivotal mid-afternoon/early evening schedule. The best one might have been, uh, Indiana losing by 33-28 to Penn State and adding to its tortured history against superior Big Ten teams.
LSU got a win against Mississippi State, at least. But star linebacker Devin White will have to sit out the first half of the Tigers’ blockbuster game against Bama in two weeks because of a second-half targeting penalty incurred on a high hit against MSU quarterback Nick Fitzgerald. Sitting an entire half in that rivalry game, as a defensive leader, will be brutal.
It’d been a total zero all year, and then Fitzgerald went 8-for-24 with four interceptions in Death Valley. The Bulldogs need to adapt the Army approach and just not pass.
The TCU coach’s reputation as a defensive whiz continued to get no favors from Oklahoma, which won 52-27 in Fort Worth. Lincoln Riley’s Oklahoma teams have scored 131 points on the Frogs in three meetings over the last two years. These meetings between maybe the sport’s most renowned offensive coach and one of its handful of most renowned defense coaches is repeatedly going for Riley. The Horned Frogs are a Big 12 afterthought.
The Wildcats needed to come back to beat Rutgers by 3. They are a loser by rule.
About 24 hours before Washington State kicked off against Oregon, news broke that WSU coach Mike Leach had unleashed a torrent of criticism at the Pac-12 office after some video review shenanigans led to USC getting away with a targeting foul against the Cougars in September. The whole episode’s been embarrassing for the league.
Now Washington State’s the conference’s sole, slim Playoff hope. There cannot be a more satisfied man in the sport today than the Cougs’ head coach.
Who else won? Who else lost? Where am I wrong? Drop a line in the comments.
Will Lewis Hamilton clinch the Drivers’ Championship at the Formula One US Grand Prix?
Lewis Hamilton has a commanding lead in the Formula One Drivers’ Championship, and he has pole position for Sunday’s United States Grand Prix from Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas. The race is set for 2 p.m. ET on ABC (live streaming via WatchESPN, ESPN App, F1 TV Pro).
Hamilton’s only competition in the championship is Sebastian Vettel of Ferrari, who takes a three-place grid penalty and will start fifth on Sunday. Vettel’s penalty came after he failed to slow sufficiently under red flags in the first practice session.
Both Brendon Hartley and Pierre Gasly of Toro Rosso were sent to the back of the grid for power unit changes, while Max Vertappen of Red Bull had a car issue after the first qualifying session. Verstappen usually makes it to fifth on the grid behind the Mercedes and Ferrari cars, but he’ll start 13th on Sunday.
Kimi Raikkonen of Ferrari, Valtteri Bottas of Mercedes and Daniel Ricciardo of Red Bull separate Hamilton and Vettel. The rest of the top 10 is made up of Force India’s Esteban Ocon, Renault’s Nico Hulkenberg, Haas’ Romain Grosjean, Sauber’s Charles Leclerc and Force India’s Sergio Perez.
Hamilton needs to out-score Vettel by just eight points to be crowned champion for this season. The gap to first- and second-place is seven points, so if Hamilton wins, he’ll need Vettel to finish in third or worse, while Bottas’ task be will be ensuring that happens.
Ferrari have provided boosts to their power unit, but it would take an incredible string of unlikely events for Hamilton to be denied his fifth world championship. Only two other drivers — Michael Schumacher and Juan Manuel Fangio — have previously accomplished five career championships.
Below is all you need to know to watch the action.
Date: Sunday, Oct. 21
Location: Circuit of the Americas, Austin, Texas
Time: 2 p.m. ET
He wasn’t the only one, but you usually want your MVP-caliber player to show up in big spots.
You might have heard by now, but the Brewers are not going to the World Series. They managed to push the NLCS to a Game 7 but couldn’t close out the series at home and instead the Dodgers will go back to their second Fall Classic in as many years.
There wasn’t a single reason Milwaukee isn’t making their second World Series appearance ever and first since 1982, as in any series things add up that lead to being on the losing side. The Brewers went into the final game of the series with Jhoulys Chacin, Josh Hader, Corey Knebel, Joakim Soria, and Brandon Woodruff ready to go in clutch spots as needed. It should have all worked out.
They were at home, they had things set. Orlando Arcia continued to be a hot bat going 2-for-3 and they got baserunners against Walker Buehler early, including a home run from MVP-candidate Christian Yelich to put them on the board first. But then they failed to get more than one baserunner after Buehler left the game in the fifth (after getting six hits off of him) and their bullpen couldn’t keep things locked down and before you could blink it was 5-1 and the Dodgers were celebrating on their field.
So yes, things added up. But there’s a chance — a decent one — that if Christian Yelich played up to the standards of his MVP-caliber second half the other little things adding up wouldn’t have been quite enough to boil over. The Brewers might have been able to hang on one way or another if Yelich hadn’t all but disappeared from the series.
Yelich had such a rough NLCS it wouldn’t be surprising to learn that between the Division Series and the first game in Milwaukee he accidentally opened a mummy’s tomb and was immediately cursed.
He hit .173 for the series, going 5-for-28 with seven strikeouts over seven games. In the 13-inning Game 4 that the Brewers lost 2-1, Yelich went 1-for-5 with a strikeout and a walk. In a game where scoring chances were few and far between and runs even more so a hit or two from the probable NL MVP would have probably been helpful. Going into Game 5, he was hitting a woeful .150/.292/.150 with a .442 OPS.
He had a clutch double in Game 6 and came around to score, which seemed like it could be his breakout moment in a win that kept his team in the series. Earlier in the series, manager Craig Counsell spoke on Yelich’s struggles and releasing the pressure. He said,
“I think it’s just the case of a guy who is missing some pitches to hit. I don’t think that he’s worried about where he’s hitting in the lineup. He’s worried about getting a pitch to hit and squaring it up.
It’s a really small thing for Christian. He’s right there. And you just have to be patient. It sounds like a time that we don’t have time for patience but you have to trust that Christian is going to put good swings on the baseball, and I do.”
At the start of Game 7, he sure put the ball into play. A solo shot off of Buehler in the first inning gave the Brewers some confidence and the look of a team that could just keep rolling now that their star kicked things off the way they needed him to. But it turns out that home run was the part where you think you found a way out of the mummy’s tomb and see the light of an exit but whoops you’re actually in the main chamber now and the mummy is right behind you, sorry for the tease!
He would go 1-for-4 with a strikeout in the game and complete a series of being pretty much a non-factor. It didn’t help that Chris Taylor did this, robbing Yelich of a sure RBI double into left.
That’s just a mummy grabbing you by the ankle as soon as you reach a door and then sucking your soul from your body with no mercy. Just when you thought the nightmare was over you’re a soulless husk who will get an MVP plaque in a few weeks to make you feel better. But you won’t get your soul back.
We all know Yelich is a great player, he proved as much this season and in the early goings of the postseason. He came through in clutch moments, he pumped his team and the fans up, he never looked anything less than confident when he first stepped into the box each game. Confidence can only get you so far though, and for whatever reason — opposing pitchers, taking the wrong cuts, just being mentally off — Yelich couldn’t get over the hump.
That doesn’t take away from his eventual MVP win, or what the Brewers accomplished this season, or how incredibly fun it was to watch him level up this year after
escaping getting traded from Miami. With any luck, Yelich will be back in this spot at another point in his career and he’ll perform as everyone expects and his team will get even further in their postseason pursuits.
It’s a shame he didn’t do exactly that this series. It feels a little like it wasn’t fully the series we were promised between these players, with Yelich going toe-to-toe with Kershaw and Ryu and Buehler. He was an afterthought, and there’s no real way to tell if him getting hot would have had the Brewers in a different spot right now. The only thing that’s sure is that it’s a shame he had such a series after such an exciting few months.